# Quick Ratio Formula + Calculator

Interested parties should take a company’s entire financial situation into account when interpreting its quick ratio. Should interest rates push higher, such a business might have a hard time meeting its long-term debt obligations. In such a scenario, a company’s quick ratio may not be as helpful in assessing its financial health. The Quick Ratio is a short-term liquidity ratio that compares the value of a company’s cash balance and highly liquid current assets to its near-term obligations.

## Which of these is most important for your financial advisor to have?

Liquid assets are those that can quickly and easily be converted into cash in order to pay those bills. The quick ratio is more conservative than the current ratio because it excludes inventory and other current assets, which are generally more difficult to turn into cash. The quick ratio considers only assets that can be converted to cash in a short period of time. The current ratio, on the other hand, considers inventory and prepaid expense assets.

- Yet, the broader concern here is that the cause of the accumulating inventory balance is declining sales or lackluster customer demand for the company’s products/services.
- Financial ratios should be compared with industry standards to determine whether such ratios are normal or deviate materially from what is expected.
- However, the quick ratio is the more conservative measure of the two because it only includes the most-liquid assets in the calculation.
- Suppose a company has the following balance sheet financial data in Year 1, which we’ll use as our assumptions for our model.
- If a company had to cover its obligations right away, the cash ratio can give you a sense of how easily it could do so without using anything besides cash and cash equivalents.

## Quick Ratio vs. Current Ratio: What’s the Difference?

The quick ratio and current ratio are accounting formulas small business owners can use to understand liquidity. While the quick ratio uses quick assets, the current ratio uses current assets. The current ratio formula is current assets divided by current liabilities.

## The quick ratio in different industries

Investors who are looking to perform in-depth assessments of companies can benefit from comparing liquidity metrics in financial analysis. The quick ratio equation, current ratio, and cash ratio can all be used to measure this kind of financial health. Both types of liquidity ratios are calculated under a hypothetical scenario in which a company must pay off all existing current liabilities that have come due using its current assets. This is because the formula’s numerator (the most liquid current assets) will be higher than the formula’s denominator (the company’s current liabilities). A higher quick ratio signals that a company can be more liquid and generate cash quickly in case of emergency. The higher the quick ratio, the better a company’s liquidity and financial health, but it is important to look at other related measures to assess the whole picture of a company’s financial health.

Cash equivalents are often an extension of cash, as this account often houses investments with very low risk and high liquidity. A company should strive to reconcile its cash balance to monthly bank statements received from its financial institutions. This cash component may include cash from foreign countries translated to a single denomination.

## The Quick Ratio Formula

Also, if there are other businesses that may be affected in case of bankruptcy, then this could impact whether any claims would be paid back in full or just partially. The same is true for contingent liabilities such as tax filings and litigation matters. It could mean that a company is highly liquid, or alternatively, it could point to an organization that is not using its resources effectively and could be investing in developments that could bolster its future prospects.

Whether you’re an investor, a creditor, or a business owner, understanding the Quick Ratio is a fundamental skill that can help you make informed decisions. A Quick Ratio of 1.0 or higher is generally considered healthy, indicating a company can meet its short-term obligations without selling inventory. One example of a far-reaching liquidity crisis from history is the global credit crunch of 2007–08, where many companies found themselves unable to secure short-term financing to pay their immediate obligations. If new financing cannot be found, the company may be forced to liquidate assets in a fire sale or seek bankruptcy protection. Below is the calculation of the quick ratio based on the figures that appear on the balance sheets of two leading competitors operating in the personal care industrial sector, ABC and XYZ. We’re firm believers in the Golden Rule, which is why editorial opinions are ours alone and have not been previously reviewed, approved, or endorsed by included advertisers.

## Quick assets

It’s important to include other financial ratios in your analysis, including both the current ratio and the quick ratio, as well as others. More importantly, it’s critical to understand what areas of a company’s financials the ratios are excluding or including to understand what the ratio is telling you. Some may consider the quick ratio better than the current ratio because it is more conservative. The quick ratio demonstrates the immediate amount of money a company has to pay its current bills. The current ratio may overstate a company’s ability to cover short-term liabilities as a company may find difficulty in quickly liquidating all inventory, for example.

## How to Calculate Quick Ratio

For this reason, inventory is excluded from quick assets because it takes time to convert into cash. The company appears not to have enough liquid current assets to pay its upcoming liabilities. There are also considerations to make regarding the true liquidity of accounts receivable as well as marketable securities in some situations. Because prepaid expenses may not be refundable and inventory may be difficult to quickly convert to cash without severe product discounts, both are excluded from the asset portion of the quick ratio. While your bookkeeper or staff accountant can certainly calculate a quick ratio, it’s best to let an experienced accountant provide the follow-up analysis on what the quick ratio results mean for your company. The quick ratio provides a simple way of evaluating whether a company can cover its short-term liabilities very quickly.

## What’s the difference between the quick ratio vs current ratio?

However, this depends on the company’s clients making their payments in a timely fashion. If a client doesn’t make their payments on time, the company may not have the cash flow that the quick ratio indicates. For example, say that a company has cash and cash equivalents of $5 million, marketable securities worth $3 million, and another $2 million in accounts receivable for a total of $10 million in highly liquid assets. When analyzing a company’s liquidity, no single ratio will suffice in every circumstance.